Badger Edge Vaccination Scheme (BEVS)
Badger Vaccination Programme
Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust the county’s largest locally based conservation charity, are continuing to tackle bovine tuberculosis (bovine TB) with the vital vaccination programme in Vale of Belvoir. Thanks to the backing of a four-year grant from DEFRA. The charity has welcomed the support of DEFRA and will be delighted to resume the work it originally started back in 2015. The 2019 season has now come to a close with 65 badgers vaccinated.
The charity has been vaccinating badgers against the disease in an area of almost 50 square kilometres in the Vale of Belvoir on the Nottinghamshire Leicestershire border between Tithby and Long Clawson since 2015.
Bovine tuberculosis is a huge problem which has the potential to devastate herds of cattle with serious consequences for farmers and farm businesses. The Wildlife Trusts believe that vaccination of badgers is a key part of an effective strategy, alongside tighter animal husbandry and long-term investment in a cattle vaccine, to reduce the spread of this disease whilst ensuring that our native wild badger population can thrive.
During 2017 the local programme resulted in vaccinations at 20 separate setts across 10 farms. Speaking about the initiative Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust’s Head of Conservation Janice Bradley said:
“The Vale of Belvoir is a very important dairy and beef farming area and we believe that it is essential to prevent bovine tuberculosis from spreading from the worst hit areas such as the South West and West Midlands. Our aim is to vaccinate the local badger population to build up herd immunity. By working with farmers to vaccinate badgers on their land we believe we can help contain this devastating disease and keep the charismatic badger in this wonderful pastoral landscape”.
The Wildlife Trusts have been at the forefront of efforts to develop effective vaccination programmes across England and believes that vaccination provides a more effective means of controlling the spread of the disease than culling. The Government’s decision in September 2017 to extend the areas where culling of badgers can now be licenced has brought the need for the local vaccination programme into sharp focus.
By taking positive action to control the spread of the disease Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust believes that it can help protect badgers and cattle and support farm businesses which play an integral part in maintaining the local landscape. In areas with considerable dairy and beef farming, such as the Vale of Belvoir, a wonderful pastoral landscape of green fields criss-crossed with hedgerows has developed. In addition to being attractive and much loved, this landscape supports a wide variety of wildlife in addition to badgers, with many species of farmland birds, such as yellowhammers and grey partridge, and small mammals thriving in the hedgerows and a great diversity of invertebrates living in the pastures.
The Trust, which works closely with farmers across the County to create a wildlife-rich landscape by encouraging wildlife onto farmland and connecting remaining fragments of high quality habitat, has been delighted by the levels of support received from farmers willing to provide access to their land and make a contribution towards the cost of vaccination.
Mrs Bradley continued:
“Our programme is one of a number of Wildlife Trust led initiatives designed to help prevent the disease spreading from the worst affected areas. The Vale of Belvoir is famous for producing Stilton cheese and the rolling green pastures of its characteristic landscape are inextricably linked with dairy farming. There have been a number of herd breakdowns in the past and if bovine TB were to get a hold locally it could have a devastating impact on the dairy and beef industry. Some farmers may even choose to move away from the dairy business altogether and this could be a disaster for the farmers, the local landscape and the local badger population - so we’re determined to work with farmers to play our part in keeping it at bay.“
The 2018 vaccinations started again in May after all the badger cubs have finished weaning, we have had a successful start and the Trust hopes that 2018 will continue to be a big year for this important programme. With plans for 2018 already being implemented, Mrs Bradley explained that the only thing likely to prevent vaccinations taking place next year would be a lack of funds.
“We are delighted that Defra has restated its commitment to part-funding badger vaccination programmes in England for the next 4 years until 2022. The support we receive from farmers is very important to help match the Defra funds, but it isn’t sufficient to cover all our costs. Whilst we can keep costs down thanks to the efforts of our amazing, dedicated volunteers, we do need to secure grant funding, corporate support and public donations to continue this vital work. Without additional support we won’t be able to complete our programme and this would be a real blow, as we believe it is making a real contribution to tackling this serious issue”